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What You Need To Know About the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

The decades-long conflict in Gaza has claimed thousands of lives and has reached its peak as Trump moves the United States embassy to Jerusalem, formally making it the capital of Israel.

First, some facts.

Who are Israel and Palestine? Here, VOX.com explains

"Israel is the world's only Jewish state, located just east of the Mediterranean Sea. Palestinians, the Arab population that hails from the land Israel now controls, refer to the territory as Palestine, and want to establish a state by that name on all or part of the same land. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is over who gets what land and how it's controlled.

The primary approach to solving the conflict today is a so-called "two-state solution" that would establish Palestine as an independent state in Gaza and most of the West Bank, leaving the rest of the land to Israel. Though the two-state plan is clear in theory, the two sides are still deeply divided over how to make it work in practice.

The alternative to a two-state solution is a "one-state solution," wherein all of the land becomes either one big Israel or one big Palestine. Most observers think this would cause more problems than it would solve, but this outcome is becoming more likely over time for political and demographic reasons."

What is Hamas?

Hamas is a Palestinian Islamist political organization and militant group that has waged war on Israel since the group was founded in 1987. The group uses methods of violence in their attacks, more notably suicide bombings and rocket attacks.

Hamas has repeatedly called for the destruction of the Israel state while Palestinians have since early 2017 been marching to remove the border that Gaza has with Israel.

What is happening right now?

On Monday the 14th of May, United States of America's President Donald Trump's announced that that the American embassy in Israel would be moved from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem.  (the much-contested piece of land). This effectively caused massive outrage amongst Palestinians.  About 40 000 Palestinians started marching and in response to this, Israeli troops killed 59 people, many of whom were children and a baby who inhaled tear gas. 2,400 people have been reported injured in what is called one of the bloodiest conflicts since 2014. Palestinian protestors have been protesting at the border for years however, Monday was the most fatal as hospitals run out of supplies and the cemeteries fill up.

The US has blamed Hamas for the attacks claiming that "Israelis have a right to defend themselves against Hamas."

Ivanka Trump and her husband were present in Jerusalem at the embassy open.

The violence in Gaza continues.

This is what people are saying on social media.

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